DON’T MISS OUT! Get your tickets now for Mexico Business Forum! Register here.
This week, Mexico Infrastructure & Sustainability Review interviewed Jose-Oriol Bosch, CEO of the Mexican Stock Exchange to ask about how the BMV can bridge Mexico’s infrastructure gap and his opinion on the financial instruments available for infrastructure development.
Q: How can the BMV help to bridge Mexico’s infrastructure gap?
A: The BMV has already helped a great deal as there are many infrastructure companies that are listed on the stock exchange. We also have companies financing themselves through debt, and these are the most traditional instruments in the market. In 2009, CKDs were created and since then around 100 issues have raised about MX$170 billion. Of this, infrastructure represents about 30 percent, both in the number of issues and in value.
Fibras were first raised in real estate in 2011, and the numbers continue growing. We are looking at new Fibras and we are about to raise a Fibra in the education sector, which will be the first of its kind. Also, Fibra Es were created in 2015, and the first infrastructure Fibra E was raised by Pinfra in 2016. Since then, we have had various infrastructure Fibras E, the latest one being that of GACM, as well as a first Fibra E on the energy side, issued by CFE. We have a range of products for the industry to choose from and last year we created the first Special Purpose Acquisition Corporation (SPAC), which is very common in other markets. The first was in oil and gas and the second was in private capital but this can also apply to the infrastructure or mining sectors.
Q: What are the implications of the new BIVA stock exchange for your strategy?
A: We are not yet sure what the BIVA’s strategy will be so I cannot comment much on that. However, we hope that the strategy will involve developing the trading market as it has great potential. If, instead of focusing on growing the market, it cannibalizes itself, the market will be equally as small, or even smaller. And with two stock exchanges, this makes no sense.
Q: Given that GACM recently raised a Fibra E on the BMV, what will be the implications of the elections on this?
A: The Fibra E was created in 2015 for financing of energy and infrastructure projects. There have been some Fibras since then but the most recent was that of the airport on March 26, 2018. The airport is a large, long-term project so I trust the infrastructures plans would not change with different administrations. It is clear to anyone who has traveled through the current airport that the people of Mexico need the NAIM project.
Q: How has the BMV protected itself against these external shocks?
A: I think it is important to see opportunities. We do not know what will happen with NAFTA but from what I am hearing right now, the negotiations are going relatively well, and we are optimistic about it. For us, the companies listed on the BMV are so diversified in terms of sectors, sizes and business segments that the impact of geopolitical uncertainty has been much less intense in Mexico. I think that Mexico, just like the other two countries, needs to see the renegotiation of NAFTA as an opportunity to turn to other markets. Mexico does not only have NAFTA, but it has a great number of free trade agreements with other countries, even though the majority of trade is focused on the North American region.
Q: Why has there been such a lack of demand for CerPIs compared to other products?
A: In comparison to the Fibra, which was a new asset class, the CerPI is a product that is similar to the CKDs but with some different management rules, including the role played by the administrator. We had the first CerPI issued in real estate and I think now we will start to see much more demand for the product. There are already various CerPIs that will be launched in the coming months. It is always difficult to be the first, but now that the first CerPI has been successful, the door has been opened and we will begin seeing more demand. It was the same story as the Fibras – the first real estate Fibra was raised by FUNO in 2011 and it was extremely complex, but it was more easily understood after the first issuance.
This is an exclusive preview of the 2019 edition of Mexico Infrastructure & Sustainability Review. If you want to get all the information, plus other relevant insights regarding this industry, pre-order your copy of Mexico Infrastructure & Sustainability Review or access the digital copy of the 2018 edition.